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Title: Environmentally-Extended Economic Models: Development and Application to Carbon Pricing and Technology Change in Alberta, Canada
Author: Hawkins, Jason
Advisor: Hunt, John Douglas
Keywords: Economics;Sociology--Transportation;Urban and Regional Planning;Statistics;Energy;Engineering--Civil
Abstract: This thesis develops a detailed environmental-economic model of the province of Alberta. Methods are developed for utilizing a variety of statistical data sources to develop disaggregate provincial input-output models based on the national Canadian model. The model is extended to include physical flows of water, energy, and greenhouse gas emissions. A new approach to distributing physical flows is developed that considers physical flows as derived demands to satisfy the needs of utility maximizing industrial and household activities. This framework is applied to analysis of carbon pricing at the provincial scale and results presented. Detailed representations of household consumption and electricity generation are utilized to better assess the effects of carbon pricing and where redistributive measures should be applied. The model is then applied to assessment of three technology change scenarios: a shift in the provincial electricity generation mix, a transition to a fully electric private automobile fleet, and a partial change in the non-residential construction industry to reduce concrete use and increase use of wood in construction.
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